________________________________________________________________________________
WELFARE AND AVERAGE INCOMES
________________________________________________________________________________

The low level of financial support provided by social assistance is also evident when measured against average incomes. Welfare provides only a portion of the level of income that most Canadians would consider normal or reasonable.

Table 4 compares the welfare incomes of our four typical households with average incomes for the appropriate household type in each province.

The averages for 1999 are based on data collected by Statistics Canada in the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics, inflated by the Consumer Price Index.

For the single employable person and the single disabled person, we used average incomes in each province for unattached people under the age of 65. For single parents, we used the average incomes of single parents under 65 with children under 18. The size of the sample of single parents was too small to be reliable for Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island. For the two-parent family, we used the average incomes of couples under 65 with children under 18.

Welfare incomes are far, far below average. In 1999, a single employable person on welfare received from eight percent to 29 percent of the average income received by single people under 65. In 1999, the disabled person on welfare got 26 to 49 percent of the average. Single-parent families on welfare had incomes worth 38 to 61 percent of average incomes. It is worth noting that average incomes for single-parent families in general remain far below average incomes for couples with children. The two-parent family on welfare had income between 23 and 32 percent of average incomes.

 

27

 

TABLE 4, 1999 WELFARE INCOMES AS PERCENTAGE OF AVERAGE INCOMES

 

WELFARE
INCOMES
1999

ESTIMATED
AVERAGE INCOME
1999

WELFARE INCOME AS %
OF ESTIMATED
AVERAGE INCOME

NEWFOUNDLAND

Single Employable

1,341

17,643

8%

Disabled Person

8,717

17,643

49%

Single Parent, One Child

13,924

---

---

Couple, Two Children

16,317

53,096

31%

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

Single Employable

5,515

18,775

29%

Disabled Person

8,442

18,775

45%

Single Parent, One Child

11,670

---

---

Couple, Two Children

17,799

56,291

32%

NOVA SCOTIA

Single Employable

4,573

20,438

22%

Disabled Person

8,809

20,438

43%

Single Parent, One Child

12,558

20,711

61%

Couple, Two Children

16,633

60,416

28%

NEW BRUNSWICK

Single Employable

3,367

20,927

16%

Disabled Person

6,899

20,927

33%

Single Parent, One Child

12,319

25,245

49%

Couple, Two Children

15,170

57,936

26%

QUEBEC

Single Employable

6,223

23,475

27%

Disabled Person

8,951

23,475

38%

Single Parent, One Child

12,957

28,572

45%

Couple, Two Children

16,020

65,037

25%

28

 

TABLE 4, 1999 WELFARE INCOMES AS PERCENTAGE OF AVERAGE INCOMES

 

WELFARE
INCOME
1999

ESTIMATED
AVERAGE INCOME
1999

WELFARE INCOME AS %
OF ESTIMATED
AVERAGE INCOME

ONTARIO

Single Employable

6,822

28,907

24%

Disabled Person

11,759

28,907

41%

Single Parent, One Child

13,704

33,644

41%

Couple, Two Children

18,130

78,214

23%

MANITOBA

Single Employable

5,551

23,349

24%

Disabled Person

8,257

23,349

35%

Single Parent, One Child

11,328

26,197

43%

Couple, Two Children

16,705

61,714

27%

SASKATCHEWAN

Single Employable

5,739

23,658

24%

Disabled Person

8,385

23,658

35%

Single Parent, One Child

11,877

28,260

42%

Couple, Two Children

17,590

63,085

28%

ALBERTA

Single Employable

5,023

27,497

18%

Disabled Person

7,061

27,497

26%

Single Parent, One Child

11,375

30,250

38%

Couple, Two Children

17,919

75,128

24%

BRITISH COLUMBIA

Single Employable

6,330

28,527

22%

Disabled Person

9,593

28,527

34%

Single Parent, One Child

13,661

30,844

44%

Couple, Two Children

17,830

71,669

25%

29


      
Main page/ About/ Online Pubs/ Pubs List/ Statements
 
Welfare Recipients/ Poverty lines/ Reach us/ Related Sites/ Français